Item – Thèses Canada

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Sinclair, Stéfan,1972-
Une application d'HyperPo, un logiciel d'analyse de texte informatisée, à La disparition de Georgés Perec.
Thèse (Ph. D.)--Queen's University, 2000.
Ottawa : National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, [2001]
3 microfiches.
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This thesis intends, above all, to show the merits of a literary criticism that effectively combines traditional and contemporary perspectives of the text. Its interest in computer-assisted methodologies is not at the expense of more traditional approaches. In the first chapter I consider the epistemological nature of texts according to their manifestation. In particular, I argue that the structural nature of a text has little to do, fundamentally, with the medium in which the text appears, even if the medium can play an important role in the perception of structures. Hypertext has a potentially important role to play in the representation of document structures and of various textual aspects. By laying out some of the important steps in the development of humanities computing, the second chapter will encourage a better understanding of the field, leading us to take steps to avoid problems encountered in the past, and anticipate possible obstacles of the future. The third chapter will present my text-analysis program named HyperPo; how it works and what tools it offers to the computing humanist. Most importantly, it will demonstrate how HyperPo fully benefits from Hypertext in order to allow smooth navigation between a text and its data. The fourth chapter will be concerned with the theories and writings of the group Oulipo and how compatible their work is with computer-assisted text analysis. The second part of the thesis opens with a chapter that presents Georges Perec's 'La Disparition'. Relevant details about the author, about the book and about the various influences that contributed to the writing of the book will be discussed. The second chapter will consider the linguistic and stylistic effects of the lipogrammatic constraint on the text. Several linguistic levels will be examined (graphical, morphological, lexical, syntaxical) to see how the constraint manifests itself as well as how these different levels interact. Beginning with a theoretical exploration of 'play' and ' violence', the third chapter will look closely at these two essential themes in the novel and how they reciprocally denature one another by their interaction. In particular, I will consider the play of excessive violence, the play of fantastic violence, the play of intertextual violence and the play of autoreferential violence. Fundamentally interdisciplinary, this thesis is twice original and useful: for its innovation in hypertexual text-analysis on the one hand, and on the other, for its contribution to the thus far limited criticism of Oulipian texts.